Monosaccharides are either aldehyde or ketone derivatives of straight chain polyhydroxy alcohols containing at least three carbon atoms.
Structure difference an aldehyde and a ketone
First, let’s revisit the difference between an aldehyde and a ketone:
If the carbonyl group of a sugar is an aldehyde, the sugar is called an aldose. If the carbonyl group of a sugar is a ketone, the sugar is called a ketose.
An example of an aldose:
An example of a ketose:
If you have any questions or would like to share your reviews on the Aldoses vs. Ketoses, then comment down below. I would love to hear what you have to think.