Transition State Theory

The transition state is the highest energy state in the reaction. It is the point where bonds are formed or broken The rate is determined at this step. Function of…

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Primary, secondary, tertiary carbons

The nomenclature is a very important part of organic chemistry. The names are not given only to compounds but also to the carbon atoms that make up this compound. Thus, we can classify…

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Nucleophile

Brønsted and Lowry have given us a simple definition of acids and bases: An acid is a proton donor and a base is a proton acceptor. Consequently, electrophiles and nucleophiles are species in organic chemistry that interact very much like…

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Intermolecular forces

INTERmolecular attractions are attractions between one molecule and a neighboring molecule. And you have to be careful and distinguish INTERmolecular and INTRAmolecular forces. The names are similar to them but intramolecular attractions…

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How to calculate formal charge

Table of Contents How to calculate formal charge Examples How to calculate formal charge ot all atoms within a neutral molecule need be neutral. An atom can have the following…

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